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Habitat and Land-Use Influences on Contaminant Bioaccumulation

The distribution and occurrence of contaminants and the associated biological exposure in ecological systems are driven by complex interactions between contaminant sources and mobilization pathways that are overlaid upon the habitat requirements of at-risk organisms. Moreover, landscape structure and land uses can strongly influence the driving processes of contaminant cycling, as well as the distribution and availability of important habitat for fish and wildlife. Therefore, determining risk patterns and developing robust prediction of the contaminant impacts associated with land-use change rely upon developing and understanding these interactions. This theme of the Contaminant Ecology Research Program focuses on a combination of carefully designed contaminant-exposure monitoring in biosentinel organisms, paired with focused experimental studies of the direct impacts of various land uses on contaminant bioaccumulation. The ultimate goals are to: 1) address the science needs of resource managers to facilitate a better understanding of how habitat management and land-use change may influence contaminant cycling and risk; 2) support effective decision-making processes for complex natural resource issues involving diverse threats, competing resource needs, and limited resources; and 3) determine exposure profiles across the landscape in order to evaluate the geographic distribution of specific contaminants and to provide baseline estimates of contaminant exposure for retrospective studies.

Active Projects

  • Experimental Control of Methylmercury in Rice Wetlands using Alternative Rice Harvest Practices
  • Forestry Effects on Mercury Cycling and Bioaccumulation at a Watershed Scale
  • Western North America Mercury Synthesis: A Landscape Scale Analysis of Mercury Cycling, Bioaccumulation, and Risk Linking Long-term Datasets
  • The Effects of Wetland Restoration on Mercury Bioaccumulation in the South Bay Salt Pond Restoration Project: Using the Biosentinel Toolbox to Monitor Changes Across Multiple Habitats and Spatial Scales
  • Off-channel Habitats in the Willamette River: Implications for Methylmercury Cycling, Bioaccumulation, and Risk
  • Mercury Bioaccumulation in Fish from High-Elevation Lakes in National Parks across the Western United States 
  • Mercury Bioaccumulation in Waterbodies of the Wallowa-Whitman National Forest
  • Mercury Cycling and Ecological Risk Across Habitats in Mount Rainier National Park

Research Team

Contaminant Ecology Research - Team Page

Primary Investigator

Eagles-Smith, Collin A. - View Profile

Related Publications

Domagalski, J., Majewski, M.S., Alpers, C.N., Eckley, C.S., Eagles-Smith, C.A., Schenk, L., Wherry, S., 2016, Comparison of mercury mass loading in streams to atmospheric deposition in watersheds of Western North America- Evidence for non-atmospheric mercury sources: Science of the Total Environment, v. 568, p. 638–650,[Details]

Fleck, J.A., Marvin-DiPasquale, M.C., Eagles-Smith, C.A., Ackerman, J.T., Lutz, M.A., Tate, M., Alpers, C.N., Hall, B.D., Krabbenhoft, D.P., Eckley, C.S., 2016, Mercury and methylmercury in aquatic sediment across western North America: Science of the Total Environment, v. 568, p. 727–738,[Details]

Jackson, A.K., Evers, D.C., Eagles-Smith, C.A., Ackerman, J.T., Willacker Jr., J.J., Elliott, J.E., Lepak, J.M., Vander Pol, S.S., Bryan, C.E., 2016, Mercury risk to avian piscivores across western United States and Canada: Science of the Total Environment, v. 568, p. 685–696,[Details]

Eagles-Smith, C.A., Ackerman, J.T., Willacker Jr., J.J., Tate, M., Lutz, M., Fleck, J.A., Stewart, A.R., Wiener, J.G., Evers, D.C., Lepak, J.M., Davis, J.A., Pritz, C.F., 2016, Spatial and temporal patterns of mercury concentrations in freshwater fish across the Western United States and Canada: Science of the Total Environment, v. 568, p. 1171–1184,[Details]

Eckley, C.S., Tate, M.T., Lin, C., Gustin, M., Dent, S., Eagles-Smith, C.A., Lutz, M., Wickland, K.P., Wang, B., Gray, J.E., Edwards, G.C., Krabbenhoft, D.P., Smith, D.B., 2016, Surface-air mercury fluxes across Western North America- a synthesis of spatial trends and controlling variables: Science of the Total Environment, v. 568, p. 651–665,[Details]

Willacker Jr., J.J., Eagles-Smith, C.A., Lutz, M.A., Tate, M.T., Lepak, J.M., Ackerman, J.T., 2016, Reservoirs and water management influence fish mercury concentrations in the western United States and Canada: Science of the Total Environment, v. 568, p. 739–748,[Details]

Eagles-Smith, C.A., Herring, G., Johnson, B.L., Graw, R., 2016, Conifer density within lake catchments predicts fish mercury concentrations in remote subalpine lakes: Environmental Pollution, v. 212, p. 279-289,[Details]

Eagles-Smith, C.A., Nelson, S., Willacker Jr., J.J., Flanagan Pritz, C., Krabbenhoft, D.P., 2016, Dragonfly Mercury Project: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet p. 4,[Details]

Eagles-Smith, C.A., Wiener, J.G., Eckley, C.S., Willacker Jr., J.J., Evers, D.C., Marvin-DiPasquale, M.C., Obrist, D., Fleck, J.A., Aiken, G.R., Lepak, J.M., Jackson, A.K., Stewart, A.R., Webster, J., Davis, J.A., Alpers, C.N., Ackerman, J.T., 2016, Mercury in western North America- A synthesis of environmental contamination, fluxes, bioaccumulation and risk to fish and wildlife: Science of the Total Environment, v. 568, p. 1213–1226,[Details]

Drevnick, P.D., Cooke, C.A., Barraza, D., Blais, J.M., Coale, K.H., Cumming, B.F., Curtis, C.J., Das, B., Donohue, W.F., Eagles-Smith, C.A., Engstrom, D.R., Fitzgerald, W.F., Furl, C.V., Gray, J.R., Hall, R.I., Jackson, T.A., Laird, K.R., Lockhart, W.L., Macdonald, R.W., Mast, M.A., Mathieu, C., Muir, D.C., Outridge, P.M., Reinemann, S.A., Rothenberg, S.E., Ruiz-Fernandez, A.C., St. Louis, V., Sanders, R.D., Sanei, H., Skierszkan, E.K., Van Metre, P.C., Veverica, T.J., Wiklund, J.A., 2016, Spatiotemporal patterns of mercury accumulation in lake sediments of western North America: Science of the Total Environment, v. 568, p. 1157–1170,[Details]

Davis, J.A., Ross, J.M., Bezalel, S., Sim, L., Bonnema, A., Ichikawa, G., Heim, W., Schiff, K., Eagles-Smith, C.A., Ackerman, J.T., 2016, Hg concentrations in fish from coastal waters of California and Western North America: Science of the Total Environment, v. 568, p. 1146-1156,[Details]

Takekawa, J.Y., Ackerman, J.T., Brand, L.A., Graham, T.R., Eagles-Smith, C.A., Herzog, M.P., Topping, B.R., Shellenbarger, G.G., Kuwabara, J.S., Mruz, E., Piotter, S.L., Athearn, N.D., 2015, Unintended Consequences of Salt Pond Restoration on Trophic Interactions of Avian Predators: PloS One, v. 10, no. 6, p. e0119345,[Details]

Jackson, A.K., Evers, D.C., Adams, E., Cristol, D., Eagles-Smith, C.A., Edmonds, S., Gray, C., Hoskins, B., Lane, O., Sauer, A., Tear, T., 2015, Songbirds as sentinels of mercury in terrestrial habitats of eastern North America: Ecotoxicology, v. 24, no. 2, p. 453-467,[Details]

Eagles-Smith, C.A., Ackerman, J.T., 2014, Mercury bioaccumulation in estuarine wetland fishes- evaluating habitats and risk to coastal wildlife: Environmental Pollution, v. 193, p. 147-155,[Details]

Flanagan Pritz, C., Eagles-Smith, C.A., Krabbenhoft, D.P., 2014, Mercury in the National Parks: George Wright Forum, v. 31, no. 2, p. 168-180. [Details]

Eagles-Smith, C.A., Ackerman, J.T., Fleck, J.A., Windham-Myers, L., McQuillen, H., Heim, W., 2014, Wetland Management and Rice Farming Strategies to Decrease Methylmercury Bioaccumulation and Loads from the Cosumnes River Preserve, California, USA: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2014-1172, p. 42,[Details]

Windham-Myers, L., Fleck, J., Ackerman, J.T., Marvin-DiPasquale, M.C., Stricker, C., Heim, W., Bachand, P.A., Eagles-Smith, C.A., Gill, G., Stephenson, M., Alpers, C.N., 2014, Mercury cycling in agricultural and managed wetlands- A synthesis of methylmercury production, hydrologic export, and bioaccumulation from an integrated field study: Science of the Total Environment, v. 484, p. 221-231,[Details]

Herring, G., Eagles-Smith, C.A., Ackerman, J.T., Gawlik, D.E., Beerens, J.M., 2013, Landscape factors and hydrology influence mercury concentrations in wading birds breeding in the Florida Everglades, USA: Science of the Total Environment, v. 458-460, p. 637-646. [Details]

Ackerman, J.T., Eagles-Smith, C.A., 2010, Agricultural wetlands as potential hotspots for mercury bioaccumulation- Experimental evidence using caged fish: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 44, p. 1451-1457. [Details]

Ackerman, J.T., Miles, A.K., Eagles-Smith, C.A., 2010, Invertebrate mercury bioaccumulation in permanent, seasonal, and flooded rice wetlands within California's Central Valley: Science of the Total Environment, v. 408, p. 666-671. [Details]

Eagles-Smith, C.A., Ackerman, J.T., 2009, Rapid changes in small fish mercury concentrations in estuarine wetlands- Implications of wildife risk and monitoring programs: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 43, no. 22, p. 8658-8664. [Details]

Eagles-Smith, C.A., Ackerman, J.T., De La Cruz, S.E., Takekawa, J.Y., 2009, Mercury bioaccumulation and risk to three waterbird foraging guilds is influenced by foraging ecology and breeding stage: Environmental Pollution, v. 157, p. 1993-2002. [Details]

Suchanek, T.H., Richerson, P.J., Zierenberg, R.A., Eagles-Smith, C.A., Slotton, D.G., Harner, E.J., Osleger, D.A., Anderson, D.W., Cech, Jr., J.J., Schladow, S.G., Colwell, A.E., Mount, J.F., King, P.S., Adam, D.P., McElroy, K.J., 2008, The legacy of mercury cycling from mining sources in an aquatic ecosystem- From ore to organism: Ecological Applications, v. 18, no. 8, p. A12-A28. [Details]

Ackerman, J.T., Eagles-Smith, C.A., Takekawa, J.Y., Bluso, J.D., Adelsbach, T.L., 2008, Mercury concentrations in blood and feathers of prebreeding Forster's terns in relation to space use of San francisco Bay, California, USA, habitats: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, v. 27, no. 4, p. 897-908. [Details]

Richerson, P.J., Suchanek, T.H., Zierenberg, R.A., Osleger, D.A., Heyvaert, A.C., Slotton, D.G., Eagles-Smith, C.A., Vaughn, C.E., 2008, Anthropogenic stressors and changes in the Clear Lake ecosystem as recorded in sediment cores: Ecological Applications, v. 18, no. 8, p. A257-A283. [Details]

Ackerman, J.T., Eagles-Smith, C.A., Takekawa, J.Y., Demers, S.A., Adelsbach, T.L., Bluso, J.D., Miles, A.K., Warnock, N., Suchanek, T.H., 2007, Mercury concentrations and space use of pre-breeding American avocets and black-necked stilts in San Francisco Bay: Science of the Total Environment, v. 384, p. 452-466,[Details]

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