USGS Forest and Rangeland Ecosystem Science Center

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Fire, Fuel Treatments, and Restoration Ecology

Land managers have invested considerable funding to decrease fuel loads and restore resilient ecosystems in forests and rangelands, using techniques such as grazing, mowing, herbicides, and thinning. Yet, little information is available about how such restoration activities have influenced wildlife species and habitats. We are conducting empirical studies and developing novel approaches to better quantify and predict the ecological effects and effectiveness of fuel manipulations. We combine field sampling, experimental manipulations, remote sensing, and modeling at relevant scales from plots to landscapes. The assessments will help resource managers and scientists to predict fire risk, assess effects of management activities on fuel loads and native species, and assess short- and long-range fire effects and fuel treatment effectiveness.

Research Team

Wildlife Ecology and Conservation Biology - Team Page

Primary Investigator

Pilliod, David S. - View Profile

Related Publications

Pilliod, D.S., Welty, J.L., Toevs, G., 2017, Seventy-five years of vegetation treatments on public rangelands in the Great Basin of North America: Rangelands, v. 39, no. 1, p. 1-9, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rala.2016.12.001[Details]

Copeland, S.M., Munson, S.M., Pilliod, D.S., Welty, J.L., Bradford, J.B., Butterfield, B.J., 2017, Long-term trends in restoration and associated land treatments in the southwestern United States: Restoration Ecology, p. online, https://doi.org/10.1111/rec.12574[Details]

Brabec, M.A., Germino, M.J., Shinneman, D.J., Pilliod, D.S., McIlroy, S.K., Arkle, R.S., 2015, Challenges of establishing big sagebrush (Artemisia tridentata) in rangeland restoration- Effects of herbicide, mowing, whole-community seeding, and sagebrush seed sources: Rangeland Ecology and Management, v. 68, no. 5, p. 432-435, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rama.2015.07.001[Details]

Shinneman, D.J., Pilliod, D.S., Arkle, R.S., Glenn, N.F., 2015, Quantifying and predicting fuels and the effects of reduction treatments along successional and invasion gradients in sagebrush habitats: Joint Fire Science Program, p. 1-44. [Details]

Pyke, D.A., Pilliod, D.S., Chambers, J.C., Brooks, M.L., Grace, J.B., 2014, Fire rehabilitation effectiveness- A chronosequence approach for the Great Basin: Joint Fire Science Program, p. 1-34. [Details]

Knutson, K.C., Pyke, D.A., Wirth, T., Arkle, R.S., Pilliod, D.S., Brooks, M.L., Chambers, J.C., Grace, J.B., 2014, Long-term effects of seeding after wildfire on vegetation in Great Basin shrubland ecosystems: Journal of Applied Ecology, v. 51, no. 5, p. 1414-1424, https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2664.12309[Details]

Welty, J.L., Pilliod, D.S., 2013, Data Entry Module and Manuals for the Land Treatment Digital Library: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 749, p. online. [Details]

Jain, T.B., Pilliod, D.S., Graham, R.T., Lentile, L.B., Sandquist, J.E., 2012, Index for characterizing post-fire soil environments in temperate coniferous forests: Forests, v. 3, no. 3, p. 445-466. [Details]

Arkle, R.S., Pilliod, D.S., Welty, J.L., 2012, Pattern and process of prescribed fires influence effectiveness at reducing wildfire severity in dry coniferous forests: Forest Ecology and Management, v. 276, p. 174-184. [Details]

Hossack, B.R., Pilliod, D.S., 2011, Amphibian responses to wildfire in the western United States- Emerging patterns from short-term studies: Fire Ecology, v. 7, no. 2, p. 129-144. [Details]

Arkle, R.S., Pilliod, D.S., Strickler, K.M., 2010, Fire, flow and dynamic equilibrium in stream macroinvertebrate communities: Freshwater Biology, v. 55, p. 299-314. [Details]

Arkle, R.S., Pilliod, D.S., 2010, Prescribed fires as ecological surrogates for wildfires- A stream and riparian perspective: Forest Ecology and Management, v. 259, p. 893-903. [Details]

Stone, K., Pilliod, D.S., Dwire, K.A., Rhoades, C.C., Wollrab, S.P., Young, M.K., 2010, Fuel reduction management practices in riparian areas of the western USA: Environmental Management, v. 46, p. 91-100. [Details]

Knutson, K.C., Pyke, D.A., Wirth, T.A., Pilliod, D.S., Brooks, M.L., Chambers, J.C., 2009, A Chronosequence Feasibility Assessment of Emergency Fire Rehabilitation Records within the Intermountain Western United States - Final report to the Joint Fire Science Program - Project 08-S-08: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1099, p. 20. [Details]

Peterson, D.L., Agee, J.K., Aplet, G.H., Dykstra, D., Graham, R.T., Lehmkuhl, J.F., Pilliod, D.S., Potts, D.F., Powers, R.F., Stuart, J.D., 2009, Effects of Timber Harvest Following Wildfire in Western North America: USDA Forest Service Pacific Northwest Research Station General Technical Report PNW-GTR-776, p. 1-51. [Details]

Pilliod, D.S., 2009, Land treatment digital library—A dynamic system to enter, store, retrieve, and analyze Federal land-treatment data (ver. 1.1, August 2015): U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet FS 2009-3095 p. 2. [Details]

Jain, T.B., Gould, W.R., Graham, R.T., Pilliod, D.S., Lentile, L.B., Gonzalez, G., 2008, A soil burn severity index for understanding soil-fire relations in tropical forests: Ambio, v. 37, no. 7-8, p. 563-568. [Details]

Jain, T.B., Graham, R.T., Pilliod, D.S., 2006, The relation between forest structure and soil burn severity In Andrews, P.L., Butler, B.W., eds., Fuels management: How to measure success, Proceedings: RMRS-P-41, Fort Collins, CO, USDA Forest Service Rocky Mountain Research Station, p. 615-631. [Details]

Pilliod, D.S., Bull, E.L., Hayes, J.L., Wales, B.C., 2006, Wildlife and Invertebrate Response to Fuel Reduction Treatments in Dry Coniferous Forests of the Western United States- A Synthesis: USDA, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station RMRS-GTR-173, p. 34. [Details]

Pilliod, D.S., Bury, R.B., Hyde, E.J., Pearl, C.A., Corn, P.S., 2003, Fire and amphibians in North America: Forest Ecology and Management, v. 178, no. 1-2, p. 163-181. [Details]

Bury, R.B., Major, D.J., Pilliod, D.S., 2002, Responses of amphibians to fire disturbance in Pacific Northwest forests- A review In Ford, W.M., Russell, K.R., Moorman, C.E., eds., The Role of Fire in Nongame Wildlife Management and Community Restoration: Traditional Uses and New Directions, Proceedings of a Special Workshop: General Technical Report NE-288, Newtown Square, PA, USDA Forest Service, Northeastern Research Station, p. 34-42. [Details]



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