USGS Forest and Rangeland Ecosystem Science Center

FRESC Home | Research | Products | People | About FRESC | Intranet | Contact FRESC



Title: Wind energy development: methods for assessing risks to birds and bats pre-construction
Type: JournalArticle
Year: 2016
Journal Name: Human-Wildlife Interactions
Volume: 10
Issue: 1
Pages: 42-52
Catalog Number: 63881


Katzner, Todd E.
Bennett, Victoria
Miller, Tricia A.
Duerr, A
Braham, Melissa E.
Hale, Amanda


Pre-Construction Assessment: Bird and Bat Risk from Wind Energy Development

Bird and bat fatalities from wind energy development can be particularly damaging to populations of rare and low-density species, or species facing multiple threats, and some facilities have expended substantial effort to assess wildlife risk from turbines before turbines are installed. USGS and university scientists summarized current approaches to pre-construction assessment risks to wildlife from wind turbines. Authors describe the number of species and individuals affected by blade-strikes, acknowledging that fatalities are not demographically, ecologically, or legislatively equivalent among species. They also discuss how and why pre-construction monitoring is conducted, focusing on the voluntary tiered system outlined by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Authors note several shortcomings in methods used to assess risk of fatality at turbines, including the lack of carefully constructed before-after-control-impact studies to offer evidence for a relationship between pre-construction surveys and post-construction fatality.

Full Citation

Katzner, T.E., Bennett, V., Miller, T.A., Duerr, A., Braham, M.E., Hale, A., 2016, Wind energy development- methods for assessing risks to birds and bats pre-construction: Human-Wildlife Interactions, v. 10, no. 1, p. 42-52.

Accessibility FOIA Privacy Policies and Notices

Take Pride in America logo logo U.S. Department of the Interior | U.S. Geological Survey
Page Contact Information: Scott Price
Page Last Modified: 1/31/2013